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Friday, October 15, 2004

BBC > Muslim world celebrates Ramadan

Thousands of Muslims across the world have begun observing the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
Muslims are forbidden to eat, drink or smoke during daylight hours, with each day traditionally ended with feasts and visits to friends and family.
Ramadan began on Friday for the Middle Eastern and African states, as well as for Afghanistan and Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation.
India and Pakistan will begin Ramadan on Saturday.
In Israel, security has been tightened at the revered al-Aqsa Mosque compound as worshippers arrive for Friday prayers.
Israeli authorities said they would not restrict access to the compound, despite concerns earlier in the week that the crush of visitors - up to 200,000 - could cause part of the structure to collapse.
The mosque compound, which is called Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary) by Muslims, shelters the Dome of the Rock (Omar Mosque) and the al-Aqsa Mosque.
Global observance
In Indonesia, locals prepared to close nightclubs, massage parlours and amusement centres for the entire period, despite some complaints about loss of business.
"We believe this is good for everyone," Jakarta legislator Slamet Nurdin told the Associated Press news agency.
"There is much support for this as most Muslims want to focus their minds on fasting."
In Afghanistan, vote-counting following the country's first presidential election has been suspended for a day to mark the beginning of the festival.
And in Pakistan it was hoped that the holy month would end recent violence between Sunni and Shia Muslims in which more than 70 people have died.
"We have asked all mosques to be careful in holding ceremonies to mark the festival," Abdul Rosao Aree, a Muslim leader in the country's Narathiwat province, told French news agency AFP.
Story from BBC NEWS: /pr/fr/-/2/hi/in_depth /3746016.stm

Published: 2004/10/15 11:32:04 GMT

Thursday, October 14, 2004

BBC NEWS | Health | Mobile phone 'ear tumours risk'

BBC NEWS | Health | Mobile phone 'ear tumours risk'
Mobile phone 'ear tumours risk'
Using a mobile phone for 10 years or more increases the risk of ear tumours by four times, Swedish research shows.
The Karolinska Institute study of 750 people found the risk of acoustic neuroma rose by 3.9 times on the side of the head the phone is used.

There was no increase in risk on the other side of the head - giving an overall rise in risk of 1.9 times.

Acoustic neuroma is a benign tumour in the auditory nerve, which can cause brain and nerve damage.

It affects one in 100,000 people.

Those who had used mobile phones for less than 10 years were not at a greater risk, the team reported.

If people are concerned the simple way to avoid risk is to use a handset
Prof Anders Ahlbom, of the Karolinska Institute

Out of the 750 people who took part in the study, 150 had acoustic neuroma and of those one in 11 had used a mobile phone for at least a decade.

Professor Anders Ahlbom, from the Stockholm-based institute, told BBC News Online he was "surprised" by his team's findings.

"The results show there is a relatively substantial risk and we are hoping others will follow up our research.

"We do not know what is causing it but the risk certainly increases over time."

He said he would not go as far as warning people not to use mobile phones.

But he added: "If people are concerned the simple way to avoid risk is to use a hands-free kit.

"Our researched showed that the risk is only on the side of the head on which the mobile phone is used."


At the time of the study only analogue mobile phones had been in use for more than 10 years.

The majority of people now have digital (GSM) phones, which came on to the market in the mid to late 1990s.

Some of the people who took part in the study had used both analogue and digital phones. There was no evidence to suggest solely using digital phones for 10 years increased the risk.

Dr Michael Clarke, a spokesman for the National Radiological Protection Board, the UK's advisory group, said it was a "good study from a well respected institute".

He said: "It is suggestive rather than conclusive but we will obviously take it into account when we issue guidance in the future."

And a spokeswoman for the Mobile Operators Association said: "The mobile phone industry takes very seriously questions relating to the safety of its products and is committed to addressing public concern in an open and transparent manner."

But she added: "Individual studies must be seen in the light of the total research effort into mobile phone safety. There have been other recent studies that have failed to show any link between mobile phones and tumours."

Three quarters of adults in the UK own or use a mobile phone.

The mobile phone industry has always maintained there is no scientific evidence of negative effects from mobile phone use.

But over the last few years experts have remained divided over the question of risk.

A study by Finnish scientists in 2002 found electromagnetic radiation, which is emitted from mobile phones, affected human brain tissue.

But the UK government-commissioned Stewart report in 2000 concluded there were no risks associated with using mobile phones.

However, the report recommended children should only use mobile phones in emergencies.

Story from BBC NEWS:

New York Times > Quick Verdict on Results of the Most Crucial Debate

Published: October 14, 2004

TEMPE, Ariz., Oct. 13 - With an overwhelming perception that Senator John Kerry had won the first two debates, the predebate story line playing out among commentators on cable and network television and the Internet during the hours before the debate was clear: It was do or die for President Bush.
"How he does tonight,'' said Brigitte Quinn, an anchor on Fox News, "could be the deciding factor in whether he gets a second term.''
Noting the belief among Mr. Kerry's aides that Mr. Bush could not afford to be perceived as losing all three debates, Carl Quintanilla, the NBC News correspondent, reported on "NBC Nightly News," "The stakes are high tonight for Mr. Kerry, but even higher for Mr. Bush.''

Mr. Kerry had been declared the victor by a majority of commentators almost immediately after the first debate. This time, it was an initial mixed verdict that, if anything, tilted slightly toward Mr. Kerry as quickie media polls trickled in.
It took but 25 minutes for the first instant poll to hit, from ABC News: 41 percent said Mr. Bush had won, 42 percent said Mr. Kerry had won and 14 percent said neither had won, a statistical tie, though among a group more Republican than Democrat.
But not everybody waited so long to pass judgment, and not everybody agreed with the consensus opinion. Within five minutes, Polipundit, a conservative Web blogger, had not only called the debate for Mr. Bush, but also the entire election.
"Kerry comes off as an arch-pessimist, reciting a litany of woes that could depress anyone,'' Polipundit wrote. "Meanwhile, Bush is cheerfully celebrating the fact that a 19-year-old girl was the first democratic voter in the history of Afghanistan.'' And Polipundit concluded: "Americans like optimists. This election is over.''
"BUSH WINS," Michael Graham declared on National Review Online at 9:36. "Thirty minutes in and Bush is actually winning. For real." But 16 minutes earlier, on the same site, Jonathan H. Adler, was not so bullish. "Kerry just noted that Bush has never vetoed a spending bill - a charge that Bush could have pre-empted in the last debate,'' he wrote. "This is damaging attack because it demoralized the conservative base."
Just after 10 p.m., the Democratic Web blogger Ann Althouse wrote on "A glob of foam forms on the right side of his mouth! Yikes! That's really going to lose the women's vote.''
Some people posting messages on the liberal "Table Talk'' section of had their own concerns.
"Is it my imagination,'' wrote StephenA at 10:02 p.m., "or is Bush getting the last word a lot more often than Kerry?''
A minute later, on the same site, Lola 1970 wrote, "O.K. Kerry has enough info to go for the jugular ... what is he waiting for???''
But liberal bloggers were generally just as bullish as conservative ones. "Kerry is on Fire!'' was the post on DailyKos at 10:11 p.m.
Tom Slick wrote on Salon's Table Talk site three minutes before the debate's close, "Sounds like one big win and two 'narrow' wins for J.K.," and exclaimed, "Sweep!"
At the debate's conclusion, television commentators were equally split - and both campaigns had quotations to show their guy on top.
It was their comments that both campaigns watched most closely. "What they say can change people's perceptions of what they just saw,'' Nicolle Devenish, Mr. Bush's communications director, said in an interview before the debate.
"When all is said and done," said Carlos Watson of CNN, "I think John Kerry will be proclaimed the winner, which I think will be significant because I think he will be viewed as having won all three debates."
John Roberts of CBS News said: "I would probably have to give it to John Kerry. He seemed a little bit more poised."
But on Fox News, Bill Kristol, the editor of The Weekly Standard, said, "I think Bush knocked Kerry out tonight," and added, "He just slaughtered him."
Republicans quoted in an e-mail message George Stephanopoulos of ABC News as calling Mr. Bush "particularly effective tonight."
But more polls were still to come in. A CBS News poll showed that 39 percent of respondents said Mr. Kerry had won and 25 percent said Mr. Bush had won.
A Gallup poll of 511 debate viewers conducted for CNN and USA Today gave the debate to Mr. Kerry, 52 percent to 39 percent.

CNN > Bush, Kerry hit each other on domestic issues Battleground states ahead after candidates' final debate

TEMPE, Arizona (CNN) -- President Bush and Democratic rival Sen. John Kerry met on Wednesday for their final debate, clashing on issues ranging from the economy to jobs, taxes and same-sex marriage.
With the three debates over, the candidates planned to visit several battleground states to hammer home their messages in the final weeks before Election Day.
The first question of the debate from CBS News anchor Bob Schieffer to Kerry was about homeland security.
"Will our children and grandchildren live in a world that was as safe as ours?" Schieffer asked.
"Will we ever be safe and secure again? Yes, we absolutely must be," Kerry said. "That's the goal."
He then accused Bush of not doing enough as president to protect the nation from terrorism.
Bush agreed the United States can be a safe nation.
"Yes, we can be safe and secure, if we stay on the offense against the terrorists and if we spread freedom and liberty around the world," Bush said.
The face-off at Arizona State University is voters' final opportunity to get a lengthy look at Bush and Kerry side-by-side.
Senior Bush campaign adviser Karen Hughes emerged from the debate pleased by the president's performance and critical of his opponent's.
"It became very clear tonight [Kerry] has no plans," Hughes said. "He has a terminable list of complaints. Complaint after complaint after complaint."
Kerry campaign manager Mary Beth Cahill said it was a "very bad night for President Bush."
"I think the president had a pretty rough time tonight because he can't acknowledge that any of the problems that the country has, from immigration to equal pay ... he was not able to one, acknowledge the problem admit a mistake, or say where he wants to lead the country," Cahill said.
Health care
The second question of the debate was heath care. The president was questioned about the shortage of flu vaccines in the United States at the beginning of the flu season.
Kerry used the vaccine question to criticize the president's health care policy.
"This really underscores the problem with the American health care system," Kerry said. "Five million Americans have lost their health insurance in this country."
After Kerry said he had a plan to expand health care for Americans, Bush said, "I want to remind people listening tonight that a plan is not a litany of complaints, and a plan is not to lay out programs that you can't pay for."
Kerry disputed that characterization.
"Every plan that I have laid out -- my health care plan, my plan for education, my plan for kids to be able to get better college loans -- I've shown exactly how I'm going to pay for those," Kerry said.
Some voters who watched the debate seemed lost.
"I wanted to hear some specifics, but what they say doesn't make any sense," Connie Narduzzo, 84, of Syracuse, New York told The Associated Press. "They just seem to go back and forth, throwing numbers at each other."
A CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll released shortly after the debate indicated that more who watched it thought Kerry did a better job. Among the poll's 511 respondents, 53 percent said Kerry did better, and 39 percent said Bush did.
The poll represents the views of those who watched the face-off only, not all Americans. Also, opinions of the debate may change within the coming days. It's unclear how many respondents were Republicans, Democrats or independents.
Jobs and taxes
"Mr. President," Schieffer asked, "what do you say to someone in this country who has lost his job to someone overseas who's being paid a fraction of what that job paid here in the United States?"
"I'd say, Bob, I've got policies to continue to grow our economy and create the jobs of the 21st century," Bush said. "And here's some help for you to go get an education. Here's some help for you to go to a community college."
Kerry has proposed corporate tax incentives that aim to lessen the movement of U.S. jobs to other nations.
"I want you to notice how the president switched away from jobs and started talking about education principally," Kerry said.
"They've cut the training money," he said. "They've wound up not even extending unemployment benefits and not even extending health care to those people who are unemployed."
Bush also lauded his budget proposal.
"It requires pro-growth policies that grow our economy and [create] fiscal sanity in the halls of Congress."
Kerry delivered one of the first high-profile lines of the debate.
"Being lectured by the president on fiscal responsibility is a little bit like Tony Soprano talking to me about law and order in this country," Kerry said, reminding viewers of a ballooning federal deficit.
Bush countered: "My opponent talks about fiscal sanity. His record in the United States Senate does not match his rhetoric.
"He voted to violate the budget cap 277 times. You know, there's a mainstream in American politics, and you sit right on the far left bank."
When Bush accused Kerry of voting 98 times to increase taxes, Kerry implied that Bush was skewing the facts.
"Bob, anybody can play with these votes," Kerry said. "Everybody knows that. I have supported or voted for tax cuts over 600 times. I broke with my party in order to balance the budget, and Ronald Reagan signed into law the tax cut that we voted for. I voted for IRA tax cuts. I voted for small-business tax cuts."
Dennis Nelson, 52, an Army Vietnam veteran, watched the debate in Tampa, Florida.
"I'm really worried about the economy, so I was impressed with what Kerry said," Nelson told the AP. "But I don't know if it's political rhetoric or [there's] something that he can do. I'm still undecided, and probably will be until I go to the polls."
Same-sex unions
Schieffer asked the candidates if they believe homosexuality is a choice.
Bush pointed out that he has proposed a constitutional amendment that would ban same-sex marriage.
"The reason I did so was because I was worried that activist judges are actually defining the definition of marriage, and the surest way to protect marriage between a man and woman is to amend the Constitution." Bush said.
Kerry, who also opposes same-sex marriage, responded, I "believe that because we are the United States of America, we're a country with a great, unbelievable Constitution, with rights that we afford people, that you can't discriminate in the workplace. You can't discriminate in the rights that you afford people."
Border with Mexico
The debate turned to security along the U.S.-Mexican border.
Bush outlined part of a plan to increase border security.
"I believe there ought to be a temporary worker card [for Mexicans who would otherwise illegally enter the U.S.] that allows a willing worker and a willing employer to mate up, so long as there's not an American willing to do that job, to join up in order to be able to fulfill the employers' needs."
Kerry tied the issue to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
"The borders are more leaking today than they were before 9/11," he said. "The fact is, we haven't done what we need to do to toughen up our borders, and I will."
Wrong, said Bush.
"The borders with Mexico are much better protected today than they were when I was the governor of Texas," the president said.
Poll indications
National surveys show the candidates running neck-and-neck. (Special Report: America Votes 2004, poll tracker)
After the debate, both candidates plan to focus on battleground states -- where polls show the race is so close that either man could win.
Bush is to hit spots in Nevada, Iowa and Florida, according to the AP.
Kerry is scheduled to visit Nevada, Iowa, Wisconsin and Ohio, the AP reported.
Numbers of debate viewers have been steadily dropping since the initial face-off on October 1. The first debate drew 62.5 million viewers, the second 46.7 million, according to the AP.

Wednesday, October 13, 2004

BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Jackson anger over Eminem video

BBC NEWS Entertainment Jackson anger over Eminem video: "Jackson anger over Eminem video Michael Jackson has asked TV stations to stop playing Eminem's new video, which ridicules the pop legend, saying it is 'outrageous and disrespectful'. Eminem dresses as Jackson for the Just Lose It video, and is shown on a bed with young boys. His nose also falls off and his hair catches fire. 'It is one thing to spoof but it is another to be demeaning and insensitive,' Jackson said. US cable's Black Entertainment Network is the only channel to ban it so far. The song and video make references to Jackson's looming trial on 10 child abuse charges, which he denies. Come here little kiddies on my lap Guess who's back with a brand new rap And I don't mean rap as in a new case Of child investigation accusate Eminem - Just Lose It Eminem - Just Lose It
They also poke fun at his reputed plastic surgery and an accident while filming a Pepsi commercial in 1984 when Jackson's hair caught fire. 'I am very angry at Eminem's depiction of me in his video,' Jackson told Los Angeles radio host Steve Harvey, according to a transcript from the singer's publicist. 'I've admired Eminem as an artist, and was shocked by this. 'The video was inappropriate and disrespectful to me, my children, my family, and the community at large.' Black Entertainment Television (BET) president Robert Johnson said he felt it was inappropriate to disparage a celebrity. A spokesman for the network told BBC Radio Five Live their decision was 'partly out of respect for the relationship we've had with Michael over the years'. 'Just a metaphor' Jackson added: 'It is my hope that the other networks will take BET"

Monday, October 11, 2004 Taiwan's Chen Seeks to Restart Cross-Strait Talks Taiwan's Chen Seeks to Restart Cross-Strait Talks: "
Taiwan's Chen Seeks to Restart Cross-Strait Talks

By Edward Cody
Washington Post Foreign Service
Monday, October 11, 2004; Page A14
TAIPEI, Taiwan, Oct. 10 -- President Chen Shui-bian of Taiwan, in a conciliatory gesture aimed at China's newly consolidated leadership, proposed a fresh start Sunday for long-suspended talks to improve relations and lower tension across the Taiwan Strait.
Chen suggested that China's president, Hu Jintao, might be more flexible in addressing Taiwan's concerns now that former president Jiang Zemin has retired and left Hu in charge of the Chinese military in addition to the presidency and the Communist Party. In that light, Chen declared, Taiwan is willing to resume discussions on the basis of a previous agreement that there is only one China, but that Beijing and Taipei have differing interpretations of what that means.
'We are aware of the transfer of power and personnel reshuffling on the other side of the strait,' Chen said in a National Day address. 'We hope that, with greater wisdom, both sides can create better opportunities for new development of cross-strait relations.'
Chen said his government was willing to return to the artful ambiguity of the 1992 Hong Kong accord as a starting point for improving ties. Renewed contacts, he said, would 'seek possible schemes that are not necessarily perfect but acceptable as preparation of a step forward in the resumption of dialogue and consultation.'
In the context of Taiwanese politics and Chen's long-standing goal of formal Taiwanese independence, the president's proposal was seen here as a concession designed to improve the atmosphere, lower tensions and refute charges that he is not"

BBC > Actor Christopher Reeve dies

Reeve had become an advocate for spinal cord injury research Actor Christopher Reeve, star of the Superman films of the 1970s and 80s, has died.
The 52-year-old had been suffering from an infection as a result of a pressure wound and died on Sunday, his publicist Wesley Combs said.
He suffered a cardiac arrest at his New York home and slipped into a coma, Mr Combs added.
Reeve was paralysed nine years ago when he broke his neck after being thrown from a horse.
He later became an advocate for spinal cord injury research. In recent years, he had regained sensation in some parts of his body.
He had also returned to acting, appearing in a 1998 production of Rear Window, a modern version of the Alfred Hitchcock thriller about a man in a wheelchair who becomes convinced that a neighbour has been murdered.

The one true superman has been taken from us but your red cape will fly again
Steve Harley
Reeve's wife Dana said in a statement: "On behalf of my entire family, I want to thank Northern Westchester Hospital for the excellent care they provided to my husband.
"I also want to thank his personal staff of nurses and aides, as well as the millions of fans from around the world who have supported and loved my husband over the years."
Reeve was a virtual unknown before he shot to superstardom in the 1978 blockbuster Superman.

Obituary: Christopher Reeve
Life and career in pictures Thanks to meticulous preparation and close physical resemblance to the comic-strip hero, producers gave him the part.
The film and its three sequels turned Reeve into a worldwide star and grossed $300m.
Actress Susannah York, who played Superman's mother, told BBC Radio Five Live Reeve had "enormous goodness of soul and courage".
"I felt terribly proud to play his mother. When I was doing the film I thought 'Wow, this guy is terrific'.
"He was a very real contender for a Superman hero figure, because of his courage and generosity of spirit. He was fun.
"I think he was great... what he set out to do since his accident... I admired him incredibly."
'Heroic struggle'
Film director Michael Winner called Reeve the "archetypal movie star".
"I think he grew to personify a heroic struggle against disability," said Winner.
"We all kind of believed that we would one day see him walk again and instead we see him die really very young."

It takes extraordinary individuals like Reeve to recognise that investment and effort is worthwhile in the long run to work for others
Professor Colin Blakemore He added: "He was a kind of action actor and to see an action actor who played Superman paralysed and hardly able to speak was terrible, but we all had hope for him and it is tragic that those hopes have been dashed."
Reeve broke his neck in May 1995 when he was thrown from his horse during an equestrian competition in Culpeper, Virginia.
He then became a tireless campaigner for stem cell research, forcing it on to the political agenda.
Senator John Kerry mentioned Reeve in the latest presidential debate, calling him a friend whom he hoped would walk again thanks to stem cell research.
Professor Colin Blakemore, chief executive of the Medical Research Council, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme said it took commitment like Reeve's to carry research forward.
"It takes extraordinary individuals like Reeve to recognise that investment and effort is worthwhile in the long run to work for others.
"He always said that he was working for himself and was convinced that there would be a cure, but I think probably deep in his mind he knew his efforts would be far more likely to pay off for others than for him."

Strait Times > US welcomes Taiwan's peace talks offer

WASHINGTON - The United States yesterday welcomed what it called a constructive message in a speech by Taiwan's President, who offered peace talks with China.
In his National Day address, Mr Chen Shui-bian said he was open to any form of political relations with China and called for talks based on a 1992 understanding over the interpretation of the 'one China' principle.
Both sides had agreed then to allow each other their own interpretation of the principle. The consensus paved the way for historic negotiations in Singapore.
US State Department spokesman Darla Jordan said: 'We welcome the constructive message conveyed in President Chen's speech, which we believe offers some creative ideas for reducing tension and resuming the cross-strait dialogue.
'We urge both Taiwan and the People's Republic of China to take this opportunity to engage in dialogue in order to resolve their differences peacefully.'
She also said that there was no change in US policy towards Taiwan and China.
'We do not support Taiwan's independence and we oppose attempts by either side to unilaterally alter the status quo,' she said.
'We have long maintained that differences between the People's Republic of China and Taiwan are matters to be resolved peacefully by the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, absent from the threat or use of force, and should be acceptable to the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.' -- Reuters

Sunday, October 10, 2004

CNN> Poll puts Bush, Kerry about even. Results indicate gain for se nator over last such survey

Sunday, October 3, 2004
Posted: 7:38 PM EDT (2338 GMT)
(CNN) -- President Bush and his Democratic challenger, Sen. John Kerry, are about even among likely and registered voters in the latest CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll, released Sunday.
The poll showed Kerry and Bush tied at 49 percent each among likely voters interviewed. Among registered voters Bush had 49 percent and Kerry 47 percent. Independent candidate Ralph Nader was favored by 1 percent in each group.
The margin of error in each case was plus or minus 4 percentage points.
By contrast, Bush was ahead of Kerry among likely voters 52 percent to 44 percent in the Gallup poll conducted September 24-26. Among registered voters in that poll, the spread was 53 percent for Bush and 42 percent for Kerry. Nader had 3 percent among each group.
The latest poll talked with 1,012 adult Americans by telephone Friday through Sunday, after the presidential debate Thursday. Among those interviewed, 934 said they were registered voters and 772 indicated they were likely to vote.
"It's obvious that the debate helped Kerry. What's less obvious is how," CNN polling director Keating Holland said.
Other polls conducted after the debate also showed Kerry in a virtual tie with Bush. (Full story)
On the issue of the economy, the poll showed all voters favoring Kerry 51 percent to Bush's 44 percent, almost exactly the opposite of what the September 24-26 poll indicated -- Bush with 51 percent and Kerry with 45 percent.
Holland said that was good news for Kerry going into the second and third debates, in which domestic issues will be highlighted.
But Holland said the expectations game has shifted -- a plurality says that Kerry will do the better job in the second debate (before the first debate, most Americans thought Bush would win).
"So the pressure is on Kerry to meet expectations. And let's not forget the good news for the White House in this poll: Bush is still seen as a stronger leader who would better deal with Iraq and terrorism," Holland said.
Bush's numbers on the Iraq and terrorism, however, have fallen since the previous poll.
He leads Kerry 51 percent to 44 percent on the question of who would do a better job in Iraq. That was down from 55 percent for Bush in the previous poll and up from 41 percent for Kerry.
On who would do a better job against terrorism, Bush had 56 percent to Kerry's 39 percent. The figures in the previous poll were 61 percent for Bush to 34 percent for Kerry.
The results on each question had a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.
Voters were split between the two candidates on poll questions about personal qualities, and they picked Bush as a stronger leader by a large margin.
On the question of who is better at expressing himself, Kerry outpolled Bush 54 percent to 41 percent. On who cares more about people, Kerry had 49 percent and Bush 44 percent. On the question of who is more intelligent, Kerry led Bush 48 percent to 38 percent.
On who is more honest and trustworthy, however, Bush trumped Kerry by 46 percent to 41 percent, and when asked who among the two candidates shares their values, voters chose Bush 49 percent to 45 percent for Kerry.
And when it comes to who they think is the stronger leader, those polled favored Bush by 56 percent to 37 percent for Kerry.
Again, the results on each question had a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.